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A 36-year-old woman presents to your office for contraception. She has had three vaginal deliveries without complications. Her medical history is significant for hypertension, well-controlled with a diuretic, and a seizure disorder. Her last seizure was 12 years ago. Currently she does not take any antiepileptic medications. She also complains of stress-related headaches that are relieved with an over-the-counter pain medication. She denies any history of surgeries. She is divorced, smokes one pack of cigarettes per day, and has three to four alcoholic drinks per week. On examination, her vital signs include weight 90 kg, blood pressure 126/80 mm Hg, pulse 68 beats per minute, respiratory rate 16 breaths per minute, and temperature 36.4°C (97.6°F). Her examination is normal except for some lower extremity nontender varicosities. She has taken birth control pills in the past and wants to restart them because they help with her cramps. Which of the following would contradict the use of combination oral contraceptive pills in this patient?
A 7-year-old girl is brought in to see you by her mother because the girl has developed breasts and has a few pubic hairs starting to show up. Which of the following is the best treatment for the girl’s condition?
Which of the following adverse fetal effects has been reported to be caused by maternal par-vovirus infection?
While evaluating a 30-year-old woman for infertility, you diagnose a bicornuate uterus. You explain that additional testing is necessary because of the woman’s increased risk of congenital anomalies in which organ system?
In the evaluation of a 26-year-old patient with 4 months of secondary amenorrhea, you order serum prolactin and β-hCG assays. The β-hCG test is positive, and the prolactin level is 100 ng/mL (normal is < 25 ng/mL in non-pregnant women in this assay). This patient requires which of the following?
A mother and her 14-yr-old daughter come to you because the girl has not begun to menstruate. Her medical history and findings on the complete physical examination are normal. Breast development and pubic hair have been present for 18 mo and are normal.
Which of the following would be the most appropriate next step in the management of this patient?
A patient presents to you for evaluation of infertility. She is 26 years old and has never been pregnant. She and her husband have been trying to get pregnant for 2 years. Her husband had a semen analysis and was told that everything was normal. The patient has a history of endometriosis diagnosed by laparoscopy at age 17. At the time she was having severe pelvic pain and dysmenorrhea. After the surgery, the patient was told she had a few small implants of endometriosis on her ovaries and fallopian tubes and several others in the posterior cul-de-sac. She also had a left ovarian cyst, filmy adnexal adhesions, and several subcentimeter serosal fibroids. You have recommended that she should have a hysterosalpingogram as part of her evaluation for infertility. Which of the patient’s following conditions can be diagnosed with a hysterosalpingogram?
A 54-year-old woman undergoes a laparotomy because of a pelvic mass. At exploratory laparotomy, a unilateral ovarian neoplasm is discovered that is accompanied by a large omental metastasis. Frozen section diagnosis confirms metastatic serous cystadenocarcinoma. Which of the following is the most appropriate intraoperative course of action?
A 19-year-old patient presents to your office with primary amenorrhea. She has normal breast and pubic hair development, but the uterus and vagina are absent. Diagnostic possibilities include which of the following?
A 51-year-old woman is diagnosed with invasive cervical carcinoma by cone biopsy. Pelvic examination and rectal-vaginal examination reveal the parametrium to be free of disease, but the upper portion of the vagina is involved with tumor. Intravenous pyelography (IVP) and sigmoidoscopy are negative, but a computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen and pelvis shows grossly enlarged pelvic and periaortic nodes. This patient is classified at which of the following stages?
An intrauterine pregnancy of approximately 10 weeks gestation is confirmed in a 30-year-old G5P4 woman with an IUD in place. The patient expresses a strong desire for the pregnancy to be continued. On examination, the string of the IUD is noted to be protruding from the cervical os. Which of the following is the most appropriate course of action?
A woman is found to have a unilateral invasive vulvar carcinoma that is 3 cm in diameter but not associated with evidence of lymph node spread. Initial management should consist of which of the following?
Which of the following is a risk factor for placenta accreta?
A patient is receiving external beam radiation for treatment of metastatic Endometrial cancer. The treatment field include the entire pelvis. Which of the following tissues within this radiation field is the most radiosensitive?
Typical permanent anatomical characteristics of the cervix following delivery include which of the following?
A 54-year-old woman presents for well-woman examination. On pelvic examination you palpate an enlarged, tender right adnexal mass. You order a pelvic ultrasound as the next step in this patient’s evaluation. Which of the following sonographic characteristics of the cyst in this patient would warrant further evaluation for possible ovarian malignancy?
What percentage of term labors present with a longitudinal lie?
A 70-year-old woman presents for evaluation of a pruritic lesion on the vulva. Examination shows a white, friable lesion on the right labia majorum that is 3 cm in diameter. No other suspicious areas are noted. Biopsy of the lesion confirms squamous cell carcinoma. In this patient, lymphatic spread of the cancer would be first to which of the following lymph nodes?
A 17-year-old girl is seen by her primary care physician for the evaluation of left lower quadrant pain. The physician felt a pelvic mass on physical examination and ordered a pelvic ultrasound. You are consulted because an ovarian neoplasm is identified by the ultrasound. Which of the following is the most common ovarian tumor in this type of patient?
Transvaginal Ultrasaunde with Doppler color flow imagining is used to detect malignant ovarian tumors on the basis of the?
At the time of annual examination, a patient expresses concern regarding possible exposure to sexually transmitted diseases. During your pelvic examination, a single, indurated, nontender ulcer is noted on the vulva. Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) and fluorescent treponemal antibody (FTA) tests are positive. Without treatment, the next stage of this disease is clinically characterized by which of the following?
A 59-year-old woman undergoes vaginal hysterectomy and anteroposterior repair for uterine prolapse. Which of the following is a complication of this procedure that often develops within 2 weeks of surgery?