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A 68-year-old woman is re-evaluated after laboratory studies show a fasting plasma glucose level of 113 mg/dL (6.3 mmol/L). She has a maternal family history of type 2 diabetes mellitus.
On physical examination, blood pressure is 142/88 mm Hg and BMI is 29. Other vital signs and examination findings are normal.
She undergoes an oral glucose tolerance test, during which her 2-hour plasma glucose level increases to 135 mg/dL (7.5 mmol/L).
Additional laboratory studies:
Hemoglobin A1c 5.8%
LDL-cholesterol 110 mg/dL (2.85 mmol/L)
HDL-cholesterol 48 mg/dL (1.24 mmol/L)
Triglyceride 172 mg/dL (1.94 mmol/L)
Which of the following is the most appropriate treatment recommendation to control her glucose level?